IPv6

IPv6 addresses are 128 Bit long, and are represented by breakingĀ  into 8 segments where each segment is 16-bit long and each segment is separated by a ‘ : ‘ (colon) For an example take a look atĀ  IPv6 address – 2001:0000:0010:0123:1111:0000:0000:0000 The address has 8 segments each...
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QoS Classification and Marking Tools.

This is the first step in implementing QoS. Classification and Marking is the tool-set which will enable us to identify the traffic which is to be treated differently. Both Classification and Marking are two different actions that work together to identify and differentiate the traffic, though both of...
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QoS Guidelines For VoIP and Data

Implementing QoS VoIP (Design Parameters). Following are the key QoS requirements for implementing VoIP 1. Voice Traffic has to be marked as DSCP EF 2. Packet Loss should not be more than 1%. 3. One-way latency should not be more than 150 ms 4. One-way Jitter should be...
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QoS: Quality of Service Part-I

QoS is implemented to make sure that packets which are delay sensitive are not unnecessarily delayed or lost along a network path. For this reason identification has to be made to determine which network traffic is delay sensitive and which one is not ,then treat these different traffic...
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Route Reflectors and Confederations

Route Reflectors (RR) are useful when the organization has a lot of IBGP Routers. Normally for creating a fully meshed IBGP network the number of IBGP sessions will be n(n-1)/2 where n = number of IBGP Routers. Suppose an organization has 10 IBGP routers then it will need...
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